IN January the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) announced that it would be maintaining the suspension of the Russian Paralympic Committee.
Russia was banned from all Paralympic competition in August 2016 after details of state-sponsored doping.
The PyeongChang Winter Paralympics will take place between March 9 and March 18.
What is NPA?
IN recognition of the progress made by the Russian Committee the IPC said it will allow eligible Russian Para athletes who meet strict conditions to compete in five sports under the name Neutral Paralympic Athlete (NPA).
According to guidelines, only places which have not been used by eligible athletes or have been returned by other National Paralympic Committees can be distributed to eligible NPAs.
The word Russia is not allowed to appear int he delegation name and they will compete under the Paralympic flag.
The Paralympic anthem will be played at ceremonies, not the Russian national anthem.
How can they qualify as an NPA?
THE RPC will be responsible for selecting athletes that have qualified according to the standards of their sport.
Each NPA must have undergone at least two anti-doping tests in the last six months.
Para-athletes can only be considered if they are part of the IPC's International Registered Testing Pool, RUSADA’s National Registered Testing Pool or the International Federation’s Registered Testing Pool.
How is it different to OAR which competed at the Winter Olympics?
THE Olympic Athletes from Russia were the third biggest group at the Winter Olympics.
Unlike the OAR representatives, the athletes from Russia who are competiting in the Winter Paralympics will not have the word "Russia" in their title.
Apart from that slight difference, they will have to have passed the "strict criteria" to be eligible to compete.
How many athletes are competing under the NPA flag?
THERE will be 30 athletes competing across five sports at the Paralympic Winter Games under the NPA flag.
These are split into:
ALPINE SKIING: 10
NORDIC SKIING 12
WHEELCHAIR CURLING: 5 (in one team)
Six guides will support athletes with vision impairments and there will be 39 support personal and team officials.Russia banned from Winter Olympics 2018 following major doping scandal